Email is one of the favourite means of communication of cybercriminals. It is cheap to use, it doesn’t require any identification on the part of the sender and the service is very quick.
Email can be used as a tool for many forms of attacks. This chapter will deal with analysing email to find out how to recognise a suspicious email without opening the links it contains or its attachments.
Be aware that Luxembourg retail banks do not send emails. To communicate with their customers, they instead send letters by post and communicate via their ‘e-banking’ platforms, or call their customers using an account manager known to them.
Spam is another name for unsolicited emails. These can be advertising, hoaxes (fake messages) or phishing-type attacks. Your service provider or your email client should have the ability to recognise and flag spam.
Do not open spam unless you are sure an email flagged as spam is actually legitimate. Under no circumstances respond to spam. That will confirm to the sender that your email address is valid.
A legitimate correspondent who knew your email address would have your identifying information and use it to address you as appropriate.
Handle this type of email with great care. If the email contains any of the elements detailed in the sections below, do not respond.
If the email does not address you by name and it contains a link, it is very probably trying to lure you to a malicious website (phishing or infection by malicious code exploiting technical vulnerabilities). Whatever you do, do not click on that link. (See: Email – best practices).
If the email does not address you by name and it includes an attachment, it is very probably an attempt to infect your machine with malware. Any type of file could include malicious code. Whatever you do, do not open the file. A lot of social engineering type attacks operate based on infected files attached to emails exploiting human vulnerabilities. (See: Email – best practices)
Even if the email is properly addressed to you, still take care and check the following elements:
You know and trust the sender. The email was expected and was announced during earlier communication – you can trust the email and its contents. You should, however, remain wary of opening attachments which, in spite of everything else, could contain malicious code or links leading to malicious websites.
In the event that the sender is known but addresses you in an unfamiliar fashion, be very careful. The use of another language, a different style of writing or the unusual inclusion of spelling mistakes are very significant clues which may point to this email being criminal. Handle with care and call up the sender (if they are known to you) to make sure the email genuinely was sent by them.
You receive an email from an unknown sender and the email does not fall within a known and strictly professional context. Be careful when handling the contents, including any attachments.